Knowing Your Dog Breed: Golden Retriever

The Golden Retriever, a cheerful Scottish gundog of great beauty, stands among the West’s most popular dog breeds. They are medium-sized, strong dogs with glossy, shiny coat of gold that gives the breed its name. The broad head, with its friendly and intelligent eyes, straight muzzle and short ears, are common breed features.

Goldens are easy-to-train family dogs who are outgoing, trustworthy, and eager to please. They approach life with a joyful and lighthearted attitude, which they continue well into adulthood. Outdoor play is a favorite pastime for these enthusiastic, powerful gundogs. Swimming and fetching are natural diversions for a pup bred to retrieve ducks for hours on end.



LIFE SPAN: 10 to 12 years

HEIGHT: 23 to 24 inches (males); 21.5 to 22.5 inches (females)

WEIGHT: 65 to 75 pounds (males); 55 to 65 pounds (females)

COAT: Medium-length double coat

COAT COLOR: Light to dark gold

TEMPERAMENT: Trustworthy, intelligent, playful, energetic

GROUP: Sporting

ORIGIN: United Kingdom, Scotland



Dudley Marjoribanks, the first Lord Tweedmouth, who developed the breed in the Scottish Highlands, is the most important name in the Golden Retriever’s early history. He crossed a Tweed water spaniel with a yellow-colored retriever. Throughout the latter half of the nineteenth century, he kept extensive records, proving his goal of creating a dog with a soft mouth for retrieving game while also being powerful and active.

Golden retrievers were introduced to North America in the early twentieth century as both a hunting dog and a companion. The American Kennel Club first recognized the golden retriever in 1925. Golden retrievers were the first three dogs to receive the AKC Obedience Champion title when it was originally introduced in 1977.



Health and Nutrition

Goldens are generally healthy dogs, and good breeders will screen their breeding stock for disorders such as :

  • elbow and hip dysplasia
  • juvenile cataracts
  • pigmentary uveitisan
  • progressive retinal atrophy
  • subvalvular aortic stenosis


The ears of the Golden should be checked for signs of infection once a week, and the teeth should be brushed frequently.

Obesity will limit your dog’s lifespan and will lead them to various health problems, so keep an eye on their weight. A golden retriever should be fed up to 1.5 cups of dry dog food twice a day as an adult. Rather than keeping food out for free-feeding, it’s ideal to measure it out and serve it as meals. The amount required for each dog is determined by its size, amount of exercise, age, and other factors. Fresh, clean water should always be available.

Treats can be a useful training aid, but feeding too much might lead to obesity. If at all possible, give table scraps sparingly, avoiding cooked bones and high-fat meals. Know which human foods are suitable for dogs and which are not. .  Consult your veterinarian if you notice your dog is gaining weight. To keep your dog healthy, get recommendations for feeding schedules, amount of food, type of food, and activity.



If you have a golden retriever, you can expect to live with a lot of dog hair. Once or twice a year, goldens lose their thick, water-repellent double coat extensively, and they also shed more moderately on a regular basis. A good brushing with a slicker brush once or twice a week will usually remove most of the dead hair before it falls onto the furniture. Brushing sessions become daily happenings during times of peak shedding. Baths aid in the reduction of dead hairs, but the dog must be thoroughly dry before brushing. Goldens, on the other hand, just usually call for regular bathing to stay clean.

The Golden’s nails, like those of all breeds, should be clipped on a regular basis. To keep your dog’s nails from splitting and creating foot problems, have them trimmed once or twice a month. Brushing your dog’s teeth at least a couple of times each week will also help it maintain proper oral hygiene. Due to their floppy ears, dogs are more prone to ear infections, so examine your dog’s ears on a timely manner.



Goldens, like most Sporting breeds, require a lot of daily exercise. If they receive insufficient exercise, they are more likely to engage in negative behavior. Goldens make excellent running and biking partners, though a veterinarian should be consulted before beginning any strenuous or intensive activities that may put the dog’s bones and joints under stress. Many Goldens enjoy going on hunting expeditions or competing in field trials, as well as participating in canine sports like agility, obedience, and tracking.



Early socialization and puppy training sessions are advised for all breeds. Between the ages of seven weeks and four months, gently introducing the puppy to a wide variety of people, places, and situations can help the Golden develop into a well-adjusted, well-mannered adult. Puppy training lessons educate the owner in recognizing and correcting any poor habits that may develop as part of the socializing process. Obedience training increases the link between the dog and the owner; a Golden Retriever just wants to please his owner. Golden Retrievers are easy to train since they are outgoing, loyal, and eager to do your bidding.




Hopefully, the things mentioned above will assist you in better understanding your dog breed and addressing what they require to develop into a fantastic buddy and human partner. It’s vital to be mindful of your dog’s requirements at all times. After all, they are our family, and it would break our hearts if our dogs were in danger.

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